What is Metrology?
Metrology– “The science of Measurement”- is the description of the process to establish weights
and measures as the basis for accurate measurements worldwide.
Metrology is divided into three basic overlapping activities:
- The definition of units of measurement
- The realization of these units of measurement in practice
- Traceability—linking measurements made in practice to the reference standards
Basic sub-fields of metrology
- Scientific metrology- concerned with the establishment of units of measurement.
- Industrial metrology- the application of measurement to manufacturing and other
processes in society.
- Legal metrology- covering the regulation and statutory requirements for measuring
instruments and methods of measurement.
- Improves methods and means of measurement.
- Promotes the development of a harmonized system of measuring, testing accuracy,
necessary to make the industry competitive.
- Supports trade in measuring instruments.
- Provides society with accurate and trustworthy measurements.
- Facilitates greater international standardization of products in general, machinery,
equipment and measuring instruments.
- Provides industry measurement tools necessary for research and development of specific
areas and to define and control the quality of products.
- Facilitates the exchange of scientific and technical information.
- Control of fraud.
- Consumer protection.
- Reduced disputation & transaction costs.
- Full national benefit for commodity export.
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